Home  >>  News >> Top news >> In Rwanda >> 

RWANDA - FRANCE: Relationship after 22 Years of Genocide, Unbiased

Twenty-two years after the genocide in Rwanda, the endless series of Franco-Rwandan relations do not advance.

French President Francois Hollande and his Rwandan counterpart Paul Kagame.

As every year at the approach of the anniversary of the massacres, yet another public forum of French personalities called early April to "break the silence". Forty parliamentarians asked the government to send a ministerial delegation to the commemoration in Kigali. In vain.

Paris, target of inflammatory statements of Rwandan President Paul Kagame it two years ago, was content in a brief statement to "bow before the victims."

In April 2014, the strongman of the country and former guerrilla, whose men had stopped the genocide, accused French soldiers of the military and humanitarian Operation Turquoise of being "accomplices" of the Hutu genocidaires and even “actors "of the massacres.

For 20 years, the attitude of France, which had supported through the Hutu regime responsible for the genocide, is the subject of much controversy, and the tumultuous bilateral relations are imbued with great suspicion.

Kigali accuses Paris of having trained the genocide forces, extremists welcomed fugitives involved in the massacres.

Rwandese show their dissatisfaction over France’s involvement in Rwandan 1994 Genocide.

After years of tension, Rwanda broke off diplomatic relations with France in 2006. Nicolas Sarkozy’s presidency had allowed their recovery. The return to power of the Socialists in 2012 was marked by a sharp cooling, despite a prudent reserve of François Hollande in this folder.

There is a month Paul Kagame considered in the weekly Jeune Afrique that reconciliation was "probably" not for tomorrow, denouncing the slowness of the French justice. "Playing the game of apparent normalization, this does not interest us," he warned, justifying the refusal for six months to approve a new French ambassador. "France must first clarify its position on Rwanda."

Rwandans demonstrate in the streets of Kigali to denounce France’s alleged complicity in the 1994 genocide, on November 23 2006.

- The shadow of Mitterrand -

At the heart of the dispute, the French investigation into the attack against the plane of President Juvenal Habyarimana Hutu, the starting point of the Tutsi genocide, has passed the judge’s hands Jean-Louis Bruguière to Marc Trévidic. Having been able to travel to Kigali, it was closed mid-2014 without naming the authors of the missile that destroyed the presidential apparatus, and without legal action to date.

For a source close to the matter, "it is clear, given Rwanda, it’s mostly about the genocidal refugees in France that will determine future relations."

Because in 22 years, despite multiple procedures, the creation in 2012 of”genocide" pole to treat Rwandan cases, only one conviction was in March 2014. A second trial opened Tuesday.

Kigali and "has not digested" the dismissal made late 2015 for Rwandan priest Wenceslas Munyeshyaka refugee in France, the source said. The Rwandan authorities "now focusing its strategy on this angle of attack judiciary, to increase the pressure on the Elysee and the Quai d’Orsay," she deciphers.

"And it works": the investigation into the attack against Habyarimana thus rose in the background, in favor of that on the role of men in Bisesero Turquoise (where the French army is accused of deliberately abandoned to genocide hundreds of Tutsi), a purely Franco-French theme.

The French Foreign Ministry has merely "wish a peaceful relationship of trust, respectful, constructive and forward looking."

French troops on patrol in Rwanda during 1994 Genocide.

In general, it is rather "the usual condescension tinged silence" prevails, the judge nearest the source cited above folder. With circles, heirs of the Mitterrand era, "which lock" always: partially declassified last year, the French Presidency of the archives during the genocide remain virtually inaccessible and custody Clan Mitterrand, on the pretext that “are not made to fuel the controversy, "according to their attorney, the former Socialist minister Dominique Bertinotti.

But "Rwanda is now the subject of heated debates within the Left, with young Socialist MPs and environmentalists pointed" observes the source.

Within the executive, "as it is estimated that a lot of shots to be taken in the end for not much." And there is no doubt anxious not even get upset a little with one of the few stable countries in Central Africa, while the Paris priority now is to fight against the jihadists in other fields.

By Robert Muriisa.

Follow Us on Facebook and Twitter

Leave your comment

Your Name

Your Email

Your comment

Close X